G. Marreiros, P. Craamer, I. Garitano, R. GonzÃ¡lez, M. Gorenc Novak, A. Kancilija, Q. Marcelis, D. Martinho, A. NiemelÃ¤, F. Novak, G. Papa, Å . Poklukar, I. PraÃ§a, V. Rauhala, D. Reguera, M. Å terk, G. Urchegui, R. Uribeetxeberria, J. Valtonen, A. Vidmar The MANTIS Book - Cyber Physical System Based Proactive Collaborative Maintenance, M. Albano, E. Jantunen, G. Papa, U. Zurutuza (Eds.) River Publishers, 2019 pages: 239-310 DOI: 10.13052/rp-9788793609846
abstract: New technologies are being developed towards Industry 4.0 such as the establishment of smart factories, smart products and smart services embedded in an internet of things and of services. As a result, the development of prognostic and collaborative technologies have become a necessity. New technological solutions that can make the best use of existing physical assets while following companyâ€™s important metrics to provide a quick overview of business performance are now starting to be developed. Examples of such solutions include the development of dashboards that can show the Key Performance Indicators (KPI) for processes involved in the production site and Human-Machine Interfaces (HMI) that allow the visualization of data collected directly from the machine in different formats such as graphic, table or even through augmented and virtual reality, while their adaptive interfaces can present relevant information according to the user and the context.
This chapter explores these new technological solutions in the context of the MANTIS project and consists of four main sections. The first section presents the HMI technology and the specifications, design principles and recommendations, requirements, and modelling of the HMI that guides and follows the principles of the MANTIS Reference Architecture (see Chapter 2). The second section discusses the concept of adaptive interfaces and the two main approaches that were considered (Context-aware and Interaction based/driven). The third section discusses advanced data visualization methods for HMIs and presents different scenarios according to the different use cases defined in MANTIS. In the last section, the usability testing methodology considered for industrial HMIs is discussed.