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Lamination optimization of a given HEM motor for vacuum cleaners by using genetic algorithms


A universal motor for vacuum cleaners / The rotor and the stator parts of motor

The efficiency (i.e., output power versus input power) of a universal motor depends on various losses: i.e., iron losses, copper losses and other losses like brush losses, friction and ventilation losses. Iron losses include the hysteresis and the eddy-current losses, primarily in the armature core and the pole faces. Copper losses are the joule losses in the stator's and the rotor's windings.


The geometries of the rotor and the stator.

Our evolutionary approach provides a computer support in the very early design phase, when the engineer has to find an optimal configuration of the rotor's and the stator's geometrical parameters. We have applied the GA as an optimization method that provides robust and yet flexible search in the complex space of the problem solutions.


Some screenshots of the optimization program

After several runs of our optimization program, we collected a set of solution candidates, which seem to be promising. The power loss was reduced by nearly 30% according to the previous design.


Existing and optimized lamination with magnetic flux density.

arrow Published papers:

  • Improving the Technical Quality of a Universal Motor Using an Evolutionary Approach, Euromicro Conference 2001, Warsaw, Poland.
  • Evolutionary Optimization of a Universal Motor, Industrial Electronics Society IECON 2001, Denver, USA.
  • Universal motor efficiency improvement using evolutionary optimization, IEEE transactions on industrial electronics, 2003, vol. 50, pp. 602-611.
  • An artificial intelligence approach to the efficiency improvement of a universal motor, Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 2005, vol. 18, pp. 47-55.
  • arrow DOptiMeL software is implemented at the DOMEL d.d.